R igraph manual pages

Use this if you are using igraph from R

Optimal community structure


This function calculates the optimal community structure of a graph, by maximizing the modularity measure over all possible partitions.


cluster_optimal(graph, weights = NULL)



The input graph. Edge directions are ignored for directed graphs.


Optional positive weight vector for optimizing weighted modularity. If the graph has a weight edge attribute, then this is used by default. Supply NA to ignore the weights of a weighted graph. Larger edge weights correspond to stronger connections.


This function calculates the optimal community structure for a graph, in terms of maximal modularity score.

The calculation is done by transforming the modularity maximization into an integer programming problem, and then calling the GLPK library to solve that. Please the reference below for details.

Note that modularity optimization is an NP-complete problem, and all known algorithms for it have exponential time complexity. This means that you probably don't want to run this function on larger graphs. Graphs with up to fifty vertices should be fine, graphs with a couple of hundred vertices might be possible.


cluster_optimal returns a communities object, please see the communities manual page for details.


## Zachary's karate club
g <- make_graph("Zachary")

## We put everything into a big 'try' block, in case 
## igraph was compiled without GLPK support

## The calculation only takes a couple of seconds
oc <- cluster_optimal(g)

## Double check the result
print(modularity(g, membership(oc)))

## Compare to the greedy optimizer
fc <- cluster_fast_greedy(g)


Gabor Csardi csardi.gabor@gmail.com


Ulrik Brandes, Daniel Delling, Marco Gaertler, Robert Gorke, Martin Hoefer, Zoran Nikoloski, Dorothea Wagner: On Modularity Clustering, IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering 20(2):172-188, 2008.

See Also

communities for the documentation of the result, modularity. See also cluster_fast_greedy for a fast greedy optimizer.

[Package igraph version Index]