Use this if you are using igraph from R
Calculates cohesive blocks for objects of class
cohesive_blocks(graph, labels = TRUE) ## S3 method for class 'cohesiveBlocks' length(x) blocks(blocks) graphs_from_cohesive_blocks(blocks, graph) ## S3 method for class 'cohesiveBlocks' cohesion(x, ...) hierarchy(blocks) parent(blocks) ## S3 method for class 'cohesiveBlocks' print(x, ...) ## S3 method for class 'cohesiveBlocks' summary(object, ...) ## S3 method for class 'cohesiveBlocks' plot(x, y, colbar = rainbow(max(cohesion(x)) + 1), col = colbar[max_cohesion(x) + 1], mark.groups = blocks(x)[-1], ...) plot_hierarchy(blocks, layout = layout_as_tree(hierarchy(blocks), root = 1), ...) export_pajek(blocks, graph, file, project.file = TRUE) max_cohesion(blocks)
Logical scalar, whether to add the vertex labels to the result object. These labels can be then used when reporting and plotting the cohesive blocks.
The graph whose cohesive blocks are supplied in the
Color bar for the vertex colors. Its length should be at least
m+1, where m is the maximum cohesion in the graph.
Alternatively, the vertex colors can also be directly specified via the
A vector of vertex colors, in any of the usual formats. (Symbolic
color names (e.g. ‘red’, ‘blue’, etc.) , RGB colors (e.g.
‘#FF9900FF’), integer numbers referring to the current palette. By
default the given
A list of vertex sets to mark on the plot by circling them. By default all cohesive blocks are marked, except the one corresponding to the all vertices.
The layout of a plot, it is simply passed on to
Defines the file (or connection) the Pajek file is written to.
See also details below.
Logical scalar, whether to create a single Pajek project file containing all the data, or to create separated files for each item. See details below.
Cohesive blocking is a method of determining hierarchical subsets of graph vertices based on their structural cohesion (or vertex connectivity). For a given graph G, a subset of its vertices S is said to be maximally k-cohesive if there is no superset of S with vertex connectivity greater than or equal to k. Cohesive blocking is a process through which, given a k-cohesive set of vertices, maximally l-cohesive subsets are recursively identified with l>k. Thus a hiearchy of vertex subsets is found, whith the entire graph G at its root.
cohesive_blocks implements cohesive blocking. It
cohesiveBlocks should be
handled as an opaque class, i.e. its internal structure should not be
accessed directly, but through the functions listed here.
length can be used on
cohesiveBlocks objects and
it gives the number of blocks.
blocks returns the actual blocks stored in the
cohesiveBlocks object. They are returned in a list of numeric
vectors, each containing vertex ids.
graphs_from_cohesive_blocks is similar, but returns the blocks as
(induced) subgraphs of the input graph. The various (graph, vertex and edge)
attributes are kept in the subgraph.
cohesion returns a numeric vector, the cohesion of the
different blocks. The order of the blocks is the same as for the
The block hierarchy can be queried using the
hierarchy function. It
returns an igraph graph, its vertex ids are ordered according the order of
the blocks in the
parent gives the parent vertex of each block, in the block hierarchy,
for the root vertex it gives 0.
plot_hierarchy plots the hierarchy tree of the cohesive blocks on the
active graphics device, by calling
export_pajek function can be used to export the graph and its
cohesive blocks in Pajek format. It can either export a single Pajek project
file with all the information, or a set of files, depending on its
project.file argument. If
the following information is written to the file (or connection) given in
file argument: (1) the input graph, together with its attributes,
write_graph for details; (2) the hierarchy graph; and (3)
one binary partition for each cohesive block. If
FALSE, then the
file argument must be a character scalar and
it is used as the base name for the generated files. If
‘basename’, then the following files are created: (1)
‘basename.net’ for the original graph; (2)
‘basename_hierarchy.net’ for the hierarchy graph; (3)
‘basename_block_x.net’ for each cohesive block, where ‘x’ is
the number of the block, starting with one.
max_cohesion returns the maximal cohesion of each vertex, i.e. the
cohesion of the most cohesive block of the vertex.
The generic function
summary works on
and it prints a one line summary to the terminal.
The generic function
objects and it is invoked automatically if the name of the
cohesiveBlocks object is typed in. It produces an output like this:
Cohesive block structure: B-1 c 1, n 23 '- B-2 c 2, n 14 oooooooo.. .o......oo ooo '- B-4 c 5, n 7 ooooooo... .......... ... '- B-3 c 2, n 10 ......o.oo o.oooooo.. ... '- B-5 c 3, n 4 ......o.oo o......... ...
The left part shows the block structure, in this case for five blocks. The first block always corresponds to the whole graph, even if its cohesion is zero. Then cohesion of the block and the number of vertices in the block are shown. The last part is only printed if the display is wide enough and shows the vertices in the blocks, ordered by vertex ids. ‘o’ means that the vertex is included, a dot means that it is not, and the vertices are shown in groups of ten.
The generic function
plot plots the graph, showing one or more
cohesive blocks in it.
cohesive_blocks returns a
blocks returns a list of numeric vectors, containing vertex ids.
graphs_from_cohesive_blocks returns a list of igraph graphs, corresponding to the
cohesion returns a numeric vector, the cohesion of each block.
hierarchy returns an igraph graph, the representation of the cohesive
parent returns a numeric vector giving the parent block of each
cohesive block, in the block hierarchy. The block at the root of the
hierarchy has no parent and
0 is returned for it.
max_cohesion returns a numeric vector with one entry for each vertex,
giving the cohesion of its most cohesive block.
summary return the
length returns a numeric scalar, the number of blocks.
Gabor Csardi email@example.com for the current implementation, Peter McMahan (http://home.uchicago.edu/~mcmahan/) wrote the first version in R.
J. Moody and D. R. White. Structural cohesion and embeddedness: A hierarchical concept of social groups. American Sociological Review, 68(1):103–127, Feb 2003.
## The graph from the Moody-White paper mw <- graph_from_literal(1-2:3:4:5:6, 2-3:4:5:7, 3-4:6:7, 4-5:6:7, 5-6:7:21, 6-7, 7-8:11:14:19, 8-9:11:14, 9-10, 10-12:13, 11-12:14, 12-16, 13-16, 14-15, 15-16, 17-18:19:20, 18-20:21, 19-20:22:23, 20-21, 21-22:23, 22-23) mwBlocks <- cohesive_blocks(mw) # Inspect block membership and cohesion mwBlocks blocks(mwBlocks) cohesion(mwBlocks) # Save results in a Pajek file ## Not run: export_pajek(mwBlocks, mw, file="/tmp/mwBlocks.paj") ## End(Not run) # Plot the results plot(mwBlocks, mw) ## The science camp network camp <- graph_from_literal(Harry:Steve:Don:Bert - Harry:Steve:Don:Bert, Pam:Brazey:Carol:Pat - Pam:Brazey:Carol:Pat, Holly - Carol:Pat:Pam:Jennie:Bill, Bill - Pauline:Michael:Lee:Holly, Pauline - Bill:Jennie:Ann, Jennie - Holly:Michael:Lee:Ann:Pauline, Michael - Bill:Jennie:Ann:Lee:John, Ann - Michael:Jennie:Pauline, Lee - Michael:Bill:Jennie, Gery - Pat:Steve:Russ:John, Russ - Steve:Bert:Gery:John, John - Gery:Russ:Michael) campBlocks <- cohesive_blocks(camp) campBlocks plot(campBlocks, camp, vertex.label=V(camp)$name, margin=-0.2, vertex.shape="rectangle", vertex.size=24, vertex.size2=8, mark.border=1, colbar=c(NA, NA,"cyan","orange") )