python-igraph API reference

List of all classes, functions and methods in python-igraph

module documentation

Utility functions that cannot be categorised anywhere else.
Class multidict A dictionary-like object that is customized to deal with multiple values for the same key.
Function consecutive​_pairs Returns consecutive pairs of items from the given iterable.
Function dbl​_epsilon Approximates the machine epsilon value for doubles.
Function named​_temporary​_file Context manager that creates a named temporary file and returns its name.
Function numpy​_to​_contiguous​_memoryview Converts a NumPy array or matrix into a contiguous memoryview object that is suitable to be forwarded to the Graph constructor.
Function rescale Rescales a list of numbers into a given range.
Function safemax Safer variant of max() that returns a default value if the iterable is empty.
Function safemin Safer variant of min() that returns a default value if the iterable is empty.
Function str​_to​_orientation Tries to interpret a string as an orientation value.
Function _is​_running​_in​_ipython Internal function that determines whether igraph is running inside IPython or not.
def consecutive_pairs(iterable, circular=False):

Returns consecutive pairs of items from the given iterable.

When circular is True, the pair consisting of the last and first elements is also returned.

Example:

>>> list(consecutive_pairs(range(5)))
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4)]
>>> list(consecutive_pairs(range(5), circular=True))
[(0, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, 4), (4, 0)]
>>> list(consecutive_pairs([]))
[]
>>> list(consecutive_pairs([], circular=True))
[]
>>> list(consecutive_pairs([0]))
[]
>>> list(consecutive_pairs([0], circular=True))
[(0, 0)]
def dbl_epsilon():
Approximates the machine epsilon value for doubles.
@contextmanager
def named_temporary_file(*args, **kwds):

Context manager that creates a named temporary file and returns its name.

All parameters are passed on to tempfile.mkstemp, see its documentation for more info.

def numpy_to_contiguous_memoryview(obj):

Converts a NumPy array or matrix into a contiguous memoryview object that is suitable to be forwarded to the Graph constructor.

This is used internally to allow us to use a NumPy array or matrix directly when constructing a Graph.

def rescale(values, out_range=(0.0, 1.0), in_range=None, clamp=False, scale=None):

Rescales a list of numbers into a given range.

out_range gives the range of the output values; by default, the minimum of the original numbers in the list will be mapped to the first element in the output range and the maximum will be mapped to the second element. Elements between the minimum and maximum values in the input list will be interpolated linearly between the first and second values of the output range.

in_range may be used to override which numbers are mapped to the first and second values of the output range. This must also be a tuple, where the first element will be mapped to the first element of the output range and the second element to the second.

If clamp is True, elements which are outside the given out_range after rescaling are clamped to the output range to ensure that no number will be outside out_range in the result.

If scale is not None, it will be called for every element of values and the rescaling will take place on the results instead. This can be used, for instance, to transform the logarithm of the original values instead of the actual values. A typical use-case is to map a range of values to color identifiers on a logarithmic scale. Scaling also applies to the in_range parameter if present.

Examples:

>>> rescale(range(5), (0, 8))
[0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0]
>>> rescale(range(5), (2, 10))
[2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0, 10.0]
>>> rescale(range(5), (0, 4), (1, 3))
[-2.0, 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0]
>>> rescale(range(5), (0, 4), (1, 3), clamp=True)
[0.0, 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 4.0]
>>> rescale([0]*5, (1, 3))
[2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0, 2.0]
>>> from math import log10
>>> rescale([1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000], (0, 8), scale=log10)
[0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0, 8.0]
>>> rescale([1, 10, 100, 1000, 10000], (0, 4), (10, 1000), scale=log10)
[-2.0, 0.0, 2.0, 4.0, 6.0]
def safemax(iterable, default=0):

Safer variant of max() that returns a default value if the iterable is empty.

Example:

>>> safemax([-5, 6, 4])
6
>>> safemax([])
0
>>> safemax((), 2)
2
def safemin(iterable, default=0):

Safer variant of min() that returns a default value if the iterable is empty.

Example:

>>> safemin([-5, 6, 4])
-5
>>> safemin([])
0
>>> safemin((), 2)
2
def str_to_orientation(value, reversed_horizontal=False, reversed_vertical=False):

Tries to interpret a string as an orientation value.

The following basic values are understood: left-right, bottom-top, right-left, top-bottom. Possible aliases are:

  • horizontal, horiz, h and lr for left-right
  • vertical, vert, v and tb for top-bottom.
  • lr for left-right.
  • rl for right-left.

reversed_horizontal reverses the meaning of horizontal, horiz and h to rl (instead of lr); similarly, reversed_vertical reverses the meaning of vertical, vert and v to bt (instead of tb).

Returns one of lr, rl, tb or bt, or throws ValueError if the string cannot be interpreted as an orientation.

def _is_running_in_ipython():
Internal function that determines whether igraph is running inside IPython or not.